Eczema is a broad term that refers to various conditions of the skin that cause irritation, inflammation, dryness, redness and/or itchiness. There are several types of eczema that must be diagnosed by a dermatologist to determine the proper treatment. Eczema is caused by various factors such as outdoor elements, chemical products, and food sensitivities, among others. Unfortunately, through self-diagnosis and improper treatments, these skin conditions tend to worsen. Dr. Nikko recommends patients to contact him immediately when any of these conditions appear to avoid further infections.
• Atopic Dermatitis: a long-lasting, sometimes chronic condition that usually affects infants regardless of their race and gender. Although the cause is still unknown, a combination of genetics and weather are main triggers to the breakout of the skin’s outer layer. A variety of treatments are recommended to hydrate the skin, reduce inflammation, alleviate itchiness and minimize the risk of a skin infection.
• Contact Dermatitis: an irritation of the skin due to contact with everyday objects such as soaps, metals, fabrics, foods, plants and even sunlight exposure. The best treatment is to avoid any known irritants to the skin along with Dr. Nikko’s suggestions after examination.
Poison Ivy, Poison Oak and Poison Sumac:
- these common plants contain poisonous oils that cause an allergic reaction to the skin. The rashes can manifest due to direct contact with the plants, indirect contact such as pet’s dandruff, gardening tools, among others or airborne contact in which the contaminated particles in the air can land on the skin.
• Dyshidrotic Dermatitis: a common type of hand eczema that targets the palms, side of fingers and soles of the feet that causes blistering rashes with itchiness and burning which tends to worsen in warm weather. A wide array of treatments can be used to relieve the condition.
• Neurodermatitis: caused by emotional stress or insect bites, this itchy condition can become a vicious itch-scratch cycle until treated. The scratching can cause red marks and dark, scaly spots. There are various treatments available but the most important factor is for patient’s to stop scratching.
• Nummular Dermatitis: recognized for its round or oval shaped rashes of the skin, this condition usually affects the legs, arms, hands and torso. Although the cause remains a mystery, sensitivity to certain metals play a role in this reaction. With the proper treatment nummular dermatitis can clear completely.
• Occupational Dermatitis: a variety of eczemas caused by the person’s work atmosphere. This usually occurs when the patient is in constant contact with a certain skin irritant. Depending on the type of eczema, Dr. Nikko will determine the type of treatment. Unfortunately, this condition is on a case-by-case basis.
• Seborrheic Dermatitis: appears as dandruff or dry flakes usually in the scalp, forehead area or behind the ears. These patches of dry, irritated skin usually appear in infants up to six months who are getting used to the outside climate or individuals with oily hair and skin. Although anti-dandruff shampoos are recommended, Dr. Nikko can better asses a treatment.
• Stasis Dermatitis: also known as venous dermatitis, this condition occurs in elderly people with poor circulation, varicose veins and edema. Symptoms such as swelling of the lower legs and itchy, red patches are most prominent. Effective treatments must target both the dermatitis and the blood circulation problems.