Rosacea is a chronic condition – sometimes confused with adult acne or sunburn – which causes redness, swelling, pimples and visible blood vessels mainly in the facial area. In some instances, the red patches can extend to the scalp, neck, ears, chest and even the eyes causing irritation.
Even though Rosacea affects people of all ages and skin types, it does primarily target those with lighter hair, skin and eyes. Although women are more prone to the condition, men suffer from worst symptoms.
Like many other skin conditions, the cause of Rosacea remains a mystery. Theories state that Rosacea is caused by blood vessels that swell which produce the redness. Others believe that the condition is triggered by the Demodex Folliculorum mite that lives in hair follicles. Many suggest that Rosacea is hereditary, caused by environmental factors or a lack in the immune system. No matter where it comes from, Rosacea cannot be cured but it can be treated to minimize the signs and symptoms.
Due to its unattractive appearance, Rosacea affects individuals emotionally more than physically. Most of the population that suffers from this condition admits they have lower self-esteem and avoid social interaction.
There are many triggers that cause Rosacea to flare such as food, alcohol, outdoor activities, exercising, sun exposure, heat, stress and many others. Dr. Nikko recommends that patients avoid these triggers to minimize flares.
There are various types of Rosacea, once the condition has been diagnosed, Dr. Nikko will suggest the best treatment available to reduce the signs and symptoms.